Bushfires or wildfires are natural occurrences in Australia. Every year, during the dry season parts of the country will see raging bushfires destroying grassland, bushes and forests. Temperatures can be very high, and drought is often a problem - increasing the risk of bushfires.

Record breaking temperatures

With summer 2019 as being the hottest on record - Australia is facing major problems due to the latest raging wildfires. During December 2019 the temperature reached 49.9°C in Nullarbor, Southern Australia - the highest ever recorded.




During a bushfire, large areas of land and forests are affected. Animals such as kangaroos, wallabies and emus can often outrun the flames.

The wallaby can usually outrun the flames.

A wombat can get to safety by burrowing into the earth.

Other species that can burrow - mice, wombats and reptiles are able to disappear beneath the burning surface. Birds can also take flight, and get away. However because of the ferocity of the latest wildfires - it is feared that as many as 480 million creatures may have been destroyed, although some experts say that giving a precise number is impossible.
Scientists and environmental experts agree that the latest fires will have severe impact on wildlife, as habitats and food sources have been destroyed.

Seen from space

The fires are so fierce and have affected such a large area that they can be seen from space. It is estimated that 12 million acres of land has been destroyed (1 acre = about the size of a football pitch). Smoke from the fires has reached New Zealand, 1,200 miles away, with reports of air pollution and the smell of smoke in the air.


Did you know that everyone in Wales has a right to use the Welsh language? The Senedd or Welsh Assembly have a target of increasing the number of Welsh speakers to a million by the year 2050. The Welsh language has a Commissioner, his name is Aled Roberts, and his work together with his team is to promote the Welsh language in Wales. The team have developed a new education pack explaining the Commissioner's work. It also encourages children to search, look

and listen out for the Welsh language in their area. The pack also has a video starring two pupils from Ysgol Dyffryn Aman, Brynaman - Cai and Briallen. They are followed around their village, where they see Welsh signs and information at their local supermarket, rugby club, library, leisure centre and cafe. They notice people wearing a 'Working Welsh' orange badge - a sign that people can speak Welsh in the workplace. Do you hear Welsh spoken in your area?

Cai and Briallen visiting their local supermarket.

For further information follow the link:




Many people eat a vegan diet in January, many believe that eating a plant-based diet is better for your health and for the environment. (Read more about being vegan in Issue 10 of Clic-it Cymru).

On this day...

1st January 1927 The BBC began broadcasting its first programmes in the UK and in 1930 made its first world broadcast.

World Braille Day

World Braille Day is celebrated every year on 4th January because it is Louis Braille’s birthday, the inventor of 'braille' a system that helps blind people to read.Louis was born in 1809 in France. He became blind after a childhood accident, and he quickly mastered his new way of living. When he was just 15 years old he created the system we know today as braille.

Saint Dwynwen’s Day

Patron Saint of Welsh Lovers!

Are you a twitcher or a birder?

There are two events which could be of interest to you:

Chinese New Year

Year of the Rat : 25th January – 4th February. (Read more about this in Issue 6 - Welsh only).

Children’s Mental
Health Week

The theme of this year's Children’s Mental Health Week is FIND YOUR BRAVE

Time to Talk Day

On Time to Talk Day we want everyone to have a conversation about mental health whether that’s texting a friend, chatting to family or organising an event.

Safer Internet Day

Safer Internet Day is on the 11th February 2020! It will be celebrated all over the world with the theme ‘Together for a better internet’.





Dad waited for Aron's help. He found walking increasingly difficult, and although they were wrapped in heavy coats and scarves, Llanddwyn was icy today - Santes Dwynwen Day. Aron reached for his backpack and the flask of hot chocolate. 'Have you heard the story of Santes Dwynwen?' Dad asked. 'Of course!' said Aron. Every January, at school they would be told the story. Aron didn't really think much of the legend.

Dwynwen, had been forced to abandon the one she loved and had lived the rest of her life on this island - all alone.
Aron had more pressing things than the legend on his mind right now.
Last night, Gran had called for a chat. The time would come when Dad would be unable to walk at all and would need the help of carers.
'We think it might be best if you came to stay with me.' Gran had

said and Dad had nodded. 'No Dad!' Aron was adamant, 'But who would get your breakfast? Fetch the things you need?' asked Gran. Aron had looked from one worried face to the other.
'Gran's right Aron, you have your school work to think of, and your rugby - you have to carry on,' said Dad. 'I can get by around the house with the help of the carers. You can come and go between here and Gran's house.'
Aron looked at the gulls circling upwards on the wind, spinning just like his thoughts. Dad had to get back to the car so Aron helped him to his seat.
'Will you be ok for a bit?' Aron asked before closing the car door and facing the wind once more. He then ran along the path towards the sea This is where Dwynwen lived a long time ago,

all alone. As the patron saint of love she showed people the way to love and show compassion. Aron smiled, he knew what he had to do. He hurried back to the warmth of the car and sat there beside his father, the windows all foggy and the sweet smell of hot chocolate tickling his nose. 'We'll be ok Dad,' he said, 'You, me and Gran, we'll be ok.'
In the steam on the window with his finger, he drew the shape of a heart and the words 'Dad & Me'

You will need:

  • White paper (watercolour or art paper works better than printing paper)
  • Paint brush
  • Very watery paint in icy colours, such as blues and purples
  • White crayon or oil pastel

You will need:

  • White paper (watercolour or art paper works better than printing paper)
  • Paint brush
  • Very watery paint in icy colours, such as blues and purples
  • White crayon or oil pastel

You will need:

  • White paper (watercolour or art paper works better than printing paper)
  • Paint brush
  • Very watery paint in icy colours, such as blues and purples
  • White crayon or oil pastel








What to do.....
A useful series of books to help children overcome problems and difficulties by using techniques to help with thoughts and emotions.

by Jessica Shepheard. A book available in Welsh and English about the Dementia condition from the point of view of a child.

The Memory Tree
by Britta Teckentrup. A book that celebrates the life and memories which live on after the loss of a loved one. Available in Welsh and English.

My Daddy is a Pretzel
Especially created for parents and kids to share, but equally suitable for adults and older children to use alone.

A famous novel about a boy called Auggie who tries to overcome his problems. This has also been made into a film.

I am Peace
A book to bring peace in a chaotic world

Sitting Still
A series of mindfulness exercises for kids.

Name: Leisa Mererid

Where in Wales? Y Felinheli.

Job Title: Yoga Teacher / Instructor

What is Yoga and why is it good for us?
Yoga is good for the body, breath and mind. The word ‘yoga’ comes from the Sanskrit language (a very old language from India) and it means to ‘join’ or ‘unify’. It’s a great exercise for the body because it stretches and strengthens our muscles, but it can also stretch and strengthen our mind and breath, which helps us to relax and quieten our busy thoughts! Yoga is a practice that keeps us happy and healthy on every level – physical, mental and emotional. People have been practicing yoga for at least 5,000 years and today it is more popular than ever!

What is your job?
I have 3 weekly yoga classes and I also travel around schools

all over Wales to introduce yoga to pupils and to train teachers. When I lead a session for children, I start with a fun warm-up to wake the body up before going on a yoga adventure. Every session ends with relaxation time!

Where do you work?
Usually I work in a village hall or a chapel vestry or school, but I have also led a yoga session on the roof of a building, on a beach and on the Eisteddfod field!

Describe your usual day...
Every day is different! When I visit a school, I put yoga mats in

a circle in the Hall and play quiet music, then classes come in to ‘taste’ yoga for about 30 to 40 minutes. Sometimes the session is on a particular theme and sometimes we make up stories together and follow the children’s imagination! No session is the same!

Good things about the job...
Every day is different. Variety is the spice of life! I love yoga and the way it makes me feel so I also love to share this with children and adults alike. Often people come to a yoga class looking stressed and it’s lovely to see

them leaving the class looking much happier and relaxed. I love to see children really getting into it, having fun and relaxing at the end of the session

Things that are not so good...

Sometimes I have too much work and sometimes I don’t have enough. The summer holidays and before Christmas is really quiet so I don’t get an income then. I visit schools to introduce yoga to pupils and then I leave. It would be nice to be able to re-visit pupils and see how they develop

What are your ambitions?

I hope to write a second book and start my own health and well-being company. In the new year I will be attending a course to be a Mindfulness teacher.


What's your opinion?

How much time should you spend looking at smart tech e.g. mobile phone, tablet or computer?



Tips to keep our minds and bodies healthy:

Everyone feels a bit sad sometimes and bad things can happen to us. Here are things that experts tell us make us feel better and help us cope with difficult things in life:

Crossword answers : Across: 1.Baron 4.Sanskrit 7.Relaxation 8.India 9.Tree Down: Breath 2.Unify 3.Cobra 5.Strengthens 6.Baptiste


Mental Health problems effect about 1 in 10 children and young people. This can mean they suffer from depression, anxiety or behavioural problems and they often arise from things that happen in their lives.

Mental health is just as important as physical health. Having good mental health can mean that children can cope with difficult situations in life and develop into happy and healthy adults

Here are some things that help to keep children’s minds healthy:

  • That they have good physical health, that they eat a balanced diet and exercise regularly
  • That they have time and freedom to play indoors and outdoors.
  • That they are part of a family that get on well most of the time.
  • That they attend a school that looks after the wellbeing of pupils
  • That they take part in local activities for children and young people.

Some things can affect children’s mental health and make them more likely to suffer from mental health problems. These can include:

  • That someone who is close to them dies.
  • That their parents separate or divorce
  • That they are bullied.
  • That they live in poverty.
  • That one of their parents suffers from mental health problems or problems with alcohol or drugs.
  • That they are a young carer
  • That they suffer from educational difficulties.

What can you do if you, or someone you know, suffers from mental health problems?

It’s important to ask for help. You can talk to a parent, staff in your school or a health professional such as a nurse or doctor. You can also contact an organisation or charity such as Childline or Bernardo’s. Often a talking therapy or counselling can be organised, and this is a very effective way of treating mental health problems.


Everybody has a bad day every now and again and feels a little sad, but this doesn’t necessarily mean we have a mental health problem. If you feel sad for a long time or if you are so anxious that it effects your everyday life, then maybe you need some help and you need to talk to an adult. Read the tips from Aunty Dot on page 5 on how to keep your body and mind healthy.

Practicing mindfulness gives us the chance to be still and peaceful and to concentrate on the present, without judgement on our feelings and ideas. It helps us accept that there is not always a 'right' or 'wrong' way of thinking. Often we try to cram too many thoughts into our minds at the same time. Mindfulness helps us to concentrate on one trail of thought, and often begins with noticing breathing patterns, helping us to be still. By being still and quiet we can deal better with stress and anxiety, and can

practice self-control. Clic-it Cymru visited Ysgol Bethel, and had a chat with three year 6 pupils. This is what they had to say:
'Becoming calm and quiet helps me focus and go straight to work. Sometimes when one of my friends are being a bit silly, or if we've had a quarrel, being calm helps me to relax and to concentrate better. I don't rush as much, and I don't worry if I don't get things right... I just stay calm and take my time.' – Pwyll.
Adam enjoys using GoNoodles on his computer, which helps him

when he comes in after playtime. - 'It gives us tasks to do which calms us... I think my work has got better.'
'When I come to school, and I don't feel a 100%, we do some exercises and then become still, and it helps me quieten down and focus on my school work.'

Clic-it Cymru believe that all of you are stars at Ysgol Bethel - thanks for having us visit. Does your school practice mindfulness? If so, get in touch with your stories.



Whether we are feeling a little peaky, or if we're really unwell, we can visit the doctor's surgery. But in the Middle Ages* that would not have been possible. There were no health workers or doctors, as we know them today. People would make medicine by using herbs and various

plants. Some wealthy people would have their own doctors however they did not have our modern medical knowledge, so they would not be very successful in their treatment of illnesses.




A horrible illness - the Black Death - spread throughout Europe between 1348-1349, killing 40% of the population. It caused terrible suffering and fear. Travellers moving from one area to another had to go into quarantine** for a period of time, before being allowed to enter a town or village.
When the plague hit, often whole families died. Sometimes doctors would visit the sick and would wear long hooded cloaks. These cloaks were long and beak-like inside and were stuffed with herbs and made the doctors look like huge vicious birds. If you did not die of the plague, then a visit from one of these doctors would scare you to death!


People did not understand illnesses and the reason why they became ill. Often they would pray or go on long pilgrimages*** to help them get better.
Many people would visit a special well and drink the water and believed that bathing in a certain well could restore their health. There are many of these wells scattered throughout Wales. St Winefride's Well, in Hollywell, Flint is very well known and is still visited today. People come to bathe in the water there, hoping it will make them better or protect them from illness.




  • Symptoms - orange like swelling appearing under your armpits, a headache and feeling cold
  • Treatment - one treatment was to rub your body with a live toad (don't try this at home!!)
  • Outlook - not good. The patient would usually die within 3 days.

*The Middle Ages - a period of time between the 5th - 15th century.

**quarantine - a place or period of time of isolation where people would stay to ensure that they had not been contaminated by disease.

***pilgrimage - a journey to a special place, usually connected with a saint




There are many stories relating to miraculous cures connected with drinking or bathing in the water at Holywell. The newspapers of the 1890’s reported on many amazing stories. Stories such as Alice Wood's cure: Alice was a young mute girl from Preston, she had visited various hospitals but no one could help her regain her power of speech. In May, 1894 Alice visited Holywell and bathed in St Winefride's well. When she came out of the water she could speak once again!


Are there any famous wells or springs in your area?

Llandrindod Wells

Since 1696, Llandrindod has been a well-known destination for those looking for spring water and health related wells. Noble families would travel there to bathe and drink the water. It is a beautiful area and no doubt the charm of Llandrindod would make people feel better!


Walking or hiking is one of the best things we can do to keep healthy. It’s good for the body, increasing the heartrate, building the muscles and spending time

in the fresh air and getting close to nature is good for our mental health. We are really lucky in Wales that we have so many beautiful places to walk,

by the coast and in the country. Here is Clic-it Cymru’s pick of the best places to walk in Wales:

Are you brave enough to cross the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct, 40 meters above the River Dee?

This path is 82 miles long and runs along the border between England and Wales.

Rhosili was voted the best beach in Wales recently.

This path stretches 870 miles all the way around Wales and has some of the most spectacular views in the country.

The ancient stones of Stonehenge, in England, came all the way from here, over 5,000 years ago.

Here you can see Pen-y-Fan, the highest mountain in southern Wales (880 metres) as well as and the amazing Sgwd-yr-Eira waterfall.

The highest mountain in England and Wales at 1,085 metres. There are beautiful views from the summit on a clear day and you can enjoy a tasty hot chocolate in Hafod Eryri café.







Wales’ Rygby Team will be defending their Grand Slam title in the Six Nations Championship this year, beginning with a game against Italy on the 1st of February. This is the first time that new coach Wayne Pivac will lead the team in the Six Nations after Warren Gatland’s resignation. Pob Lwc Cymru!




Here are readers from Ysgol y Borth, Anglesey in their Christmas jumpers! Thanks for sending us the photo! If you would like to appear in Clic-it Cymru, please ask your teacher to send us a photo.

Remember to contact us by

Two issues of Clic-it Cymru will appear on Hwb each term. The next issue will be available on Monday the 9th March. Remember to contact us by emailing - we will be delighted to hear your ideas and opinions.