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May 22nd is the U.N International Day for Biological Diversity, but what is Biological Diversity or Biodiversity?
We use the word biodiversity to describe all the different kinds of life on earth, animals and plants. Humans depend on a healthy biodiversity to be able to survive on the planet; this is what gives us oxygen, food, fresh water, fertile soil, medicines, shelter and a stable climate.
According to experts there are 3 main things that are a threat to biodiversity:
Biodiversity in Wales:
Scientists think that there are over 50,000 different species in Wales, on land and in the sea. A long time ago you would have seen animals like wolves, bears, wild boar and wild cats, but they don’t live here anymore. Scientists are also concerned that other species are under threat, such as the pine marten, red squirrel and many animals that were once common in Wales, such as hedgehogs, adders, bees and otters. As well as animals, it is thought that 10% of Wales wildflowers are under threat of extinction.
Wales has 20 special conservation areas for birds and 92 special conservation areas for habitats and species under threat. These help to keep a healthy biodiversity in Wales.
WALES IN BOOKS
Many authors have found Wales’ rich landscape, history and legends a great inspiration for their work. Here are Clic-it Cymru’s top picks of children’s books about Wales or set in Wales:
First published in 1973, this story is inspired by author Nina Bawden’s experience as an evacuee in the Welsh countryside during the Second World War.
This book by Shoo Rayner combines Welsh mythology with everyday life, friendship and trust. There are 2 more books in the series.
This beautifully illustrated book re-tells the old Welsh Mabinogi legends.
Written by award-winning author Frank Cottrell-Boyce, this is a story about great works of art and a small town in Wales.
WALES ON THE MAP
This is a non-fiction book with maps and information about places in Wales, beautifully illustrated by Valerieane Leblond.
THE SEAL CHILDREN
Famous for her amazing illustrations, in this book Jackie Morris bases her story on the legend of the selkie, a half-woman and half-seal creature.
Sometimes people are unhappy about certain rules or happenings. Protests can be planned, where people can come together to show their feelings. At times protests can be very large with thousands of people marching together. At other times protests may be small with just a handful of people having their say. Some people are afraid that the politicians in London are trying to limit the rights of protestors. Others say that mass protests should not be allowed. What do you think? Here are two differing opinions:
We share our homes and gardens with many bugs and insects. While we see some insects as pests, all insects and bugs have their place in our ecosystem, and bugs and insects can make a huge difference to the health of our planet. Here are a few amazing bugs and insects:
There are 1,690 miles of cycle routes in Wales that are looked after by the Sustrans charity. Sustrans are also responsible for organising THE BIG PEDAL, to encourage children to cycle or walk to school.
A national cycling network is important to make Wales a healthy and happy place to live, work and play. They are a series of traffic-free paths and quiet on-road cycling and walking routes, offering opportunities for everyday
travel, discovery and play, according to the charity. On the Sustrans website you will find maps and details of routes in all corners of the country; so grab your bike and helmet and off you go…!
For further details click the link: Sustrans.org.uk.
Tell us about your bees....
My sister Elin, my dad and I have been keeping bees for about 8 years now. We started with one hive but now we have three hives.
What kind of equipment do you need to keep bees?
Many people think that keeping bees is complicated and difficult and that you need lots of equipment, but actually you don’t need that much. All you need is a hive, a sharp knife to cut the beeswax and a barrel, a sieve and pots for the honey.
What do you find interesting about bees?
I like the way they work and co-operate. In the summer, a normal hive can hold more than 60,000 bees. Thinking about this many in one hive is amazing. I like seeing how they create honeycomb (the little hexagons that store the honey). I also like to compete with the honey at the local Ffôr Show, I’ve even won first prize once or twice!
Why are bees so important for the planet?
We need bees to pollinate flowers and plants. Many of the crops we eat depend on being pollinated by bees.
Do you ever get stung?
I’ve never been stung, but I have seen my dad get stung more than once but it’s always his fault for going near them without his beekeeper suit!
Two issues of Clic-it Cymru will appear on Hwb each term. The next issue will be available on Monday the 21st of June. Remember to contact us by emailing email@example.com - we will be delighted to hear your ideas and opinions.